Neurology is the specialization of medicine which deals with the diseases of the brain, peripheral nerves and the muscles. Neurologists, also known as neurophysician deals with the diseases concerning these structures. The large number of neurons, the networking between them, the spread of neurons thorughout the body and the interaction of neurons with other cells in the body makes neurology such a complicated subject.

Broadly speaking the functions which are subserved by nervous system are Consciousness, Inteliigence, Emotions, Thoughts, Communication, Memory, Vision, Smell, Taste, Movement (of any body part), Sensation (of touch, pain, temperature etc), Balance and Walking. The structures which are responsible for these functions are brain, spinal cord, nerves and muscles.


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The common neurological diseases which are dealt with by a neurologist/ neurophysician are :

Headache

Stroke and other types paralysis

Convulsions/ Seizures/ Fits

Dizziness/ Giddiness

Dementia

Parkinson's Disease

Neuropathy

Tests commonly used for neurological diagnosis are :

Electroencephalogram (EEG)

Computerized Tomography (CT scan)

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Nerve Conduction Studies (NCS) and Electromyography (EMG)

Evoked Potentials (VEP, SEP, BERA/ BAEP)

Lumbar Puncture (LP) for Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)

Various blood tests